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Radiology Images

Radiology Images

Here are some radiology images of different parts of the body’s bone structure.  Radiology employs the use of imaging to diagnose medical problems as well as to conduct research on human structures and body functions. X-ray imaging was first developed in 1895 by Wilhelm Rontgen. After further developments, the medical community realized the worth of this new process. In addition to x-ray technologies, there are a variety of other imaging techniques used to better understand and diagnose abnormalities.

Radiologic Technologists conduct different types of medical imaging to help doctors diagnose and treat patient injuries and diseases. There are a variety of different medical imaging technologies, including (but not limited to): x-ray radiography, ultrasound, computed tomography (CT ), positron emission tomography (PET), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Each of these devices help doctors understand specific processes or structures that could potentially be damaged or prone to disease. Not all of these technologies utilize x-rays. CT scans and other radiographic methods do use x-rays to view the hard tissue/organs in the human body. Furthermore, X-rays can be used in other ways to obtain more intricate images as well. For example, angiography uses x-rays to view blood vessels and arteries of various organs. Each of these can be used for casual check-ups or emergency situations (after injuries or perhaps for patients’ concerns of pains or aches. These x-ray images can help a doctor see if there are more serious abnormalities that are causing the pains. CT scans are capable of displaying tumors and internal bleeding in the brain and other parts of the body. These scans are used on various parts of the body. Below are images of different parts of the body, which are injured or subject to disease. Following each image is an explanation.

Head Images

  • Skull Fracture

Attributed to: SportsMD.com

This image is a CT scan of a skull fracture. Injuries causing skull fractures can cause a wealth of other problems as well, such as traumatic brain injury, subdural hematoma, and intracerebral contusion. Doctors often use CT scans to diagnose these fractures. Common symptoms of a skull fracture include: visible deformity, unequal pupils, bleeding from the nose or ear, and unconsciousness after a blow to the head.

Facial Bones:

  • Acute Rhino-sinusitis

Attributed to: ENTkent.com

This is a CT scan of the face, where a patient was diagnosed with acute rhinosinusitis. This is a combination of rhinitis and sinusitis, where both the lining of the nose and the sinuses are inflamed. Often, this inflammation is caused after a cold virus. There are also external factors, which can inflame the sinuses and nose. These external factors include: smoking, pollution, and dust.

  • Nasal Bone Fracture:

Attributed to: NRMedical.net

Nasal bone fractures are the most common kind of fracture to the face. This CT scan shows an image of the fracture. Common symptoms of a fractured nose include: pain and swelling across the nose bridge, profuse bleeding, and later on, a black eye. Frequent causes of the fracture are related to sports injuries, falls, and car accidents. When an accident occurs where there is blow to the nose, doctors usually use CT scanning technologies to make sure there are no fractures.

Neck:

  • Retropharyngeal Abscess

Attributed to: EPMonthly.com

Retropharyngeal Abscess is a medical condition, where there is a build up of pus in the back of the throat. It usually affects children under the age of 5, but it can also occur in adults. Doctors usually take CT scans of the patient in order to view the neck more clearly. If the condition gets worse, it can lead to blockage of the air passages, which can have fatal consequences (even death).

Chest:

  • Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Attributed to: NRMedical.net

Pulmonary Tuberculosis is a bacterial infection of the lungs, which can be transmitted through breathing in substances released from a TB patient’s cough or sneeze. Doctors can diagnose patients after conducting x-rays of the chest. Many Americans recover from the infection without ever knowing they had it. However, if the condition is more severe, it may require further diagnosis and treatment.

  • Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm

Attributed to: xray2.20m.com

A thoracic aortic aneurysm is the inflammation or enlargement of an artery due to weakness of the blood vessel wall surrounding it. An aneurysm usually grows over time and it can become fatal as time progresses. Chest CT scans can show the position and size of the aneurysm, which doctors can try to operate on, monitor, or remove. Symptoms of this type of aneurysm include (but are not limited to): low blood pressure, swelling, trouble swallowing/breathing, and a rapid heart rate.

Spine:

  • Hangman’s Fracture

Attributed to: University of Hawaii School of Medicine

The Hangman’s Fracture is a fracture to the C2 pedicles of the spine. Motor vehicle accidents are a common contributing factor to this injury. Radiographs are usually pretty helpful in assessing this injury. CT scans often do not provide as much detail as necessary. In this photo, the photo on the left is of a patient with a hangman fracture. The image on the right shows the radiograph of a normal patient.

Abdomen:

  • Small Bowel Obstruction

Attributed to: LaparoscopyHospital.com

This is an x-ray of the abdomen, where a woman is suffering from small bowel obstruction. This condition occurs when part of your intestine is completely blocked, making it difficult to perform normal bodily functions. Common causes of this condition include: hernias, tumors, and adhesions. X-rays and CT scans of the abdomen can help doctors catch this blockage. Based on the amount of blockage and area of the intestine affected, doctors may classify the obstruction as simple or strangulated.

Pelvis:

  • Protrusion Acetabuli

Attributed to: NRMedical.net

This is an x-ray of the pelvis, where a woman suffers from protrusion acetabuli. This defect affects the medial wall of acetabulum. In this condition, the acetabulum is displaced. It is often characterized by pain and limitation of joint movement. However, sometimes the defect may not exhibit any symptoms. An x-ray can help doctors diagnose the condition.

  • Fracture of Right Femur (Hip Joint)

Attributed to: NRMedical.net

This is an x-ray image showing the fracture neck of the right femur. A majority of these fractures occur in men and women over the age of 65. This is because loss of bone density and minerals make people subject to injuries. However, diseases such as cancer or application of abnormal stress can also cause hip fractures. Doctors commonly use x-rays and CT scans to diagnose and evaluate them.

Hand:

  • Lesions

Attributed to: NRMedical.Net

This is an x-ray of a patient’s hands. The patient has a history of lymphoma, and you can see the various lesions in the x-ray image. Malignant lymphomas can cause patients to have unusual lesions in the hands. Doctors can detect other types of fractures in the hand bones from x-rays as well.

Forearm:

  • Mid-Shaft Radius Fracture and Plastic- Bowing Fracture of the Ulna

Attributed to: NRMedical.net

This is an x-ray of a child’s arm/wrist. The top image is a normal radius, whereas the bottom image is a fractured radius. The radius is comprised of the larger of the forearm bones. The end of this bone, located at the wrist is called the distal end.

Elbow:

  • Elbow Dislocation

Attributed to: NRMedical.net

This is an x-ray of an elbow, which has been dislocated. This occurs when the bones connecting the forearm and the upper arm become disjointed. When these bones are out of place, usually through impact or fall of some sort (where stress is applied), the elbow becomes dislocated. Doctors use x-rays to assess the injury.

Wrist:

  • Distal Radial Fracture

Attributed to The Orthopedic Group LLC

This is an x-ray image of a wrist with a distal radial fracture. These fractures are common injuries in skiing accidents, motor vehicle accidents, and bike accidents. The less technical term for this type of fracture is a broken wrist. Symptoms include: wrist pain, deformity in the wrist, tenderness, and bruising.

Femur:

  • Mid-Shaft Femur Fracture

Attributed to: NRMedical.net

This is an x-ray image of a child with a mid-shaft femur fracture. The child was subject to child-abuse or some sort of abuse, according to the source. Because the femur is the heaviest tubular bone in the body, a fracture like this one comes from strong force on the femur. These fractures can occur from car collisions as well. Some of the symptoms or consequences of this injury can have fatal results such as: hemorrhage and respiratory problems.

Lower Leg:

  • Butterfly fracture of mid-shaft tibia

Attributed to: NRMedical.net

This is an x-ray of a fractured tibia in comparison to a normal tibia. Fractures of the tibia are common for those engaging in extreme sports. X-rays can help doctors gage the degree of fracture as well as the type. The fracture of the tibia is the most common fractured long bone among adults.

Knee:

  • Osteoarthritis

Attributed to: NRMedical.net

This is an x-ray image of the knee of a woman with osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis, and it can be degenerative. It usually involves loss of cartilage and loss of structural or general functioning of one or more joints. Doctors can see the effects of this condition through x-rays and CT scans.

Attributed to: Bone and Joint Clinic of Houston

The image above is an x-ray of a normal knee (without any injuries).

Foot:

  • Jones Fracture

Attributed to: MedicalDefinitions.com

This is an x-ray image of a Jones fracture. This is the most common type of fracture in the human foot. This particular Jones’ fracture is located on the fifth metatarsal of the foot. The outer metatarsals are usually most prone to impacts.

Ankle:

  • Fracture of the medial malleolus and fibular shaft

Attributed to: NRMedical.net

This is an x-ray of an ankle with a fractured medial malleolus and fibular shaft. These fractures can be caused by twisting or rotating your ankle or tripping or falling (which can put excess strain on your ankle). Both ankle sprains and broken ankles can cause severe pain, swelling, and sometimes deformation of the ankle. Usually, physicians use x-ray imaging to evaluate and diagnose the injury. However, sometimes they may take a special type of x-ray, called a stress test, to see if the injury requires surgery.